Theme 2

Integrated Water Resources Management

The objective of this theme is to enhance longterm water security and reduce (climate) vulnerability by supporting informed adaptation strategies and practices for systemic transboundary Integrated Water Resource Management in the Olifants Basin

In order to address this objective RESILIM O will focus on measures for water resources protection in the region (specifically the provision of Environmental Water Requirements – EWRs). The aim is to understand how ecosystems and therefore livelihood security can be explicitly planned for and integrated into institutional practices in both South Africa and Mozambique.

The sub objectives for Theme 2 are:
1. To Increase strategic understanding of climate vulnerability, water scarcity and adaptation needs.
2. To improve water management practices that respond to climate change and balance human and ecological demands in the Olifants River Basin

A number of work packages each with an outcome, activities and outputs are planned for Theme 2.

Work packages under Theme 2

• understanding water security of the ORB as a whole system,
• conducting a vulnerability assessment,
• identifying and supporting adaptation strategies and practices, and
• supporting existing and emerging institutional arrangements for water security and resilience.

Understanding water security focuses on a conceptual review, water balance, state of water quality, and future scenarios of the ORB as a whole system. The water balance assessment will focus on both the quantity and quality of supply and demand, as well as water balance under future scenarios (climate change will be central).

A vulnerability assessment entails identifying and assessing sources of vulnerability and main drivers of change.

The support for adaption strategies and practices for transboundary IWRM focuses on meeting IWRM principles, strategic imperatives, and facilitation strategies, such as decentralization, stakeholder participation, Classification, the suite of strategies to deliver the Reserve, determining Resource Quality Objectives (RQOs), and compliance monitoring and enforcement (CME) of major pollution events in order to understand how responsive the actors in the system are.

The support for existing and emerging institutional arrangements is necessary because without a viable governance system, achieving the Theme 2, and overall objective, will not be possible. This support is for organizations such as the Limpopo Commission (LIMCOM), the Olifants Letaba Catchment Management Agency (OLCMA), Ara-Sul, Catchment Management Forums (CMFs) and Water User Associations (WUAs) to develop adaptation strategies and practices to enhance water security and reduce vulnerability, such as climate change adaptation strategies, disaster and risk management plans, and compliance, monitoring and enforcement (CME) mechanisms.