Supporting enhanced resilience in smallholder farmers: Building strong networks for adaptive capacity, agency and collective action for climate change adaptation
This project’s main objective is to support increased capacity, agency and resilience of smallholder farmers in targeted communities in the middle and lower catchments of the Olifants River. These farmers face multiple challenges including climate change.
How are we working?
The objective of this project will be achieved mainly through the implementation of a range of networking and transformative capacity building interventions, all designed to stimulate cross learning, develop a sense of self-respect, and improve capacity for collective action amongst the participating smallholder farmers. Activities includes field-based training workshops, cross-learning trips, and farmers’ open day meetings
Where is the project being implemented
The project will be implemented in Sekhukhune, Capricorn and Mopani districts of Limpopo province, all lying within the middle and lower Olifants river sub-catchment. The project will, over a three-year period (2018-2021) reach 14 villages, directly benefiting 300 smallholder farmers but also indirectly benefiting close to 2000 people.
To date the project has managed to create and support a number of networks for learning and sharing. Notably we have established the Smallholder Farmers’ Network, connecting and supporting cross-learning amongst smallholder farmers in Capricorn, Mopani and Sekhukhune districts, Youth in Agroecology Network connecting more than 60 youth who are practising agroecology and the ClimateSsmart Agroecology Network, bringing together organisations with an interest in agroecology and working with smallholder farmers. More recently farmers have been involved in key discussions around two proposed Seed Bills which have dramatic implications for small-scale farmers (see Box).
Fighting for Smallholder Farmer’s Rights to Food and Seed Systems
South Africa is about to pass into Law the amended “Plant Improvement Act 53 of 1976 (PIA) and Plant Breeders’ Rights Act 15 of 1976 (PBRA). The two are commonly being referred to as the “Seed Bills”. The country is also about to accede to two international treaties namely, International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (commonly called the International Treaty), and the 1991 Convention of International Union for the Protection of New Plant Varieties (UPOV).
Of concern to AWARD and other organisations working with smallholder farmers is that if South Africa does this, the following is likely to happen:
- The rights of smallholder farmers’ to food and seed systems will be to a great extent violated (Legal Resources Centre 2018. Submission on Plant Improvement and Plant Breeders’ Right Bills)
- Seed saving, exchange and selling amongst smallholder farmers may become illegal (depending on the regulations that will be drafted by government to implement the Seed bills)
- Smallholder farmers’ food sovereignty is impacted on negatively. (Asked to comment, some farmers argued that “passing these Seed Bills is equal to recolonizing them”. This is because the saving and exchange of seeds is part of their culture and helps to build social cohesion within their communities
It is against the above worrisome context that AWARD is collaborating with Legal Resources Centre (LRC) and African Centre for Biodiversity (ACBio) to raise awareness, and mobilise smallholder farmers to advocate for their rights to food and seed systems as enshrined in the Constitution of South Africa. Even when the Seed Bills are passed there is room to engage with government to make sure that the regulations to be drafted are conscious of protecting the rights of smallholder farmers to save, use, exchange and sell farm-saved seeds in South Africa.
This work is being supported through DKA (Katholische Jungschar Österreichs – Hilfswerk Dreikönigsaktion – Austria https://www.dka.at/).