Without a viable governance system, achieving water resources protection within IWRM will not be possible. Policies in both South Africa and Mozambique support decentralisation, stakeholder participation and catchment (or basin) approaches. Both countries have developed the institutional framework for catchment-focused water resources management through Catchment Management Agencies (or CMAs) in South Africa and Regional Water Authorities (or ARAs) in Mozambique. Of relevance are the Olifants CMA (OCMA) in South Africa and Ara-Sul (Administração Regional de Águas do Sul) in Mozambique.
- Despite excellent legislation and the development of tools such as FlowTracker and InWaRDS, these are only as good as the governance system they are embedded in. For this reason, AWARD has focused efforts on supporting OCMA/ DWS and Ara-Sul. Institutional uncertainty through the proposal to dis-establish the CMAs in South Africa from late 2017 into 2018 meant that we turned our attention to stakeholder networks and support for the DWS regional office.
The Olifants River Basin (ORB): a transboundary system shared between South Africa and Mozambique.
Water security in the ORB is severely threatened by land and water-use activities including mining particularly in the upper and middle reaches, discharge effluent from waste-water plants, wide-scale increases in agriculture and urban areas. Flows have decreased substantially and water quality is some of the worst in the country. Climate change is projected to decrease water availability by about 24%.
Our work seeks to support IWRM and good resources governance to address these issues.