A variety of materials in various formats can be downloaded and used as either reference material or guidelines for specific practices. This overview brochure explains how the resources are organized. Project activities are arranged according to four colour-coded thematic or focus areas (land, water, climate change, institutional support) – a list of resources relevant to each focus area can be found in that area. Resources can also be searched for according to the type of resource (booklet, technical report, etc.) – see tabs below.
Flyers & Brochures
– Hugo Retief and Sharon Pollard
A near real-time flow and dam monitoring app for the Olifants River Catchment
Flow Tracker for the Olifants River is the first of its kind. It enables near real-time flow and dam monitoring, and includes a weather forecast facility. In the Olifants River, water quality and flow are severely compromised and likely to worsen under climate change. Although South Africa has robust water-related policies with the National Water Act (1998) being applauded internationally…
– Ancois de Villiers and Sharon Pollard
A basic brochure describing the difference between climate and weather, and outlining climate change and its impacts…
– Sharon Pollard and Ancois de Villiers
Understanding scenarios, RCPs and ppm
A more technical brochure that explores greenhouse gas scenarios and helps to understand Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) and parts of carbon dioxide per million parts of air – or parts per million (ppm). Find out what the 400 ppm figure is and why 2°C is so important…
– Sharon Pollard and Derick du Toit
This resource is designed to support farmers and practitioners to explore – and remember – the principles and practices of soil and water conservation (SWC). SWC practices are an important part of an agroecology approach to farming. But first we need to understand what is meant by agroecology and to see how SWC ‘fits in’…
Resilience-building programs in social-ecological systems need monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems that respond to the complexity of the context and enable ongoing learning…
This flyer introduces the importance of collecting evidence in preparation for environmental justice.
The things we do affect a catchment in different ways. As part of resilience building processes, we need to look at practices and how they affect the system and make it more or less resilient to change. It can be helpful to look at practices through a framework called Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) to log activities that may need to be worked on for transformation and to support a social learning agenda. This brochure gives an overview of CHAT and how to work with it.
Critical Biodiversity Area (CBA) series
An overview brochure and 6 supporting brochures make up this series…
An overview of Critical Biodiversity Area (CBA) maps and their use for the Ba-Phalaborwa and Maruleng local municipalities. This brochure also describes the Biodiversity Sector Plan (BSP) handbooks and Land Use Guidelines and provides a step by step guide to using the CBA maps and BSP data.
Guidelines for land development applications (e.g. EIAs, water use licenses, mining or agricultural applications etc.)
Guidance for evaluating environmental impact assessments (EIAs), basic assessments, agricultural land use permits, water use licensing decisions and development control decisions through land-use legislation (e.g. rezoning and subdivision approvals).
Guidance for municipalities to protect CBAs. This process could include developing policies and by-laws in terms of the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act; financial measures in terms of the Municipal Property Rates Act; and, fiscal incentives in terms of the Income Tax Act.
Guidance for municipal spatial planners in biodiversity conservation – some 70% of biodiversity is estimated to occur outside protected areas (nature reserves and parks) which means that municipalities have a crucial role to play in the conservation of our natural heritage.
A glossary of over 80 terms including conservancies, cadastral units, ecological reserve, ecosystem services, hotspots, thresholds, red data species and many more…
What can municipalities do to increase our resilience to climate change? These guidelines assist in integrating climate change adaption into land-use planning & decision-making.
The Olifants and its contributing waterways are critical for supporting life. Yet unchecked pollution, inappropriate land and resource use, weak and poorly enforced policies and regulations, and poor protection of habitats and biodiversity are degrading the Olifants at an alarming rate.
This AWARD brochure gives an overview of the second phase of USAID: RESILIM-O program and how it helps to reduce the vulnerability of people who depend on the Olifants River Basin.
A water conservation & water demand management strategy for Maruleng
To address potential water shortages, reduce losses and increase the security of supply, all municipalities need to develop a Water Conservation and Water Demand Management (WCWDM) strategy. This brochure shares the experience of Maruleng Municipality in doing this.
A short overview of some of the findings and recommendations on water consumption and management and of developing capacity for WDWCM in various municipalities.
A short overview of some of the findings and recommendations on water consumption and management and of developing capacity for WDWCM in various municipalities.
This flyer shares the results of a localised and nuanced analysis of historical trends and climate projections for the Olifants River Catchment summarised from a technical brief.
– Lilian Goredema
This brochure is for communities who have claimed land in protected areas and aims to provide an overview of the key laws and policies that influence co-management in South Africa.
Municipal leaders in the Mopani District- and Ba-Phalaborwa Local Municipalities expressed their concern and commitment to rectify areas of non-compliance linked to the wastewater treatment plants they managed. A Turnaround Plan was developed, the basics of which are presented in this brochure.
– Deborah Vromans, Stephen Holness, Derick du Toit and William Mponwana
A basic beginner’s guide to support land use planning and decision-making in Critical Biodiversity Areas and Ecological Support Areas for sustainable development. The guide highlights the importance of biodiversity and conservation-based planning in the determination of land use activities, using the example of Maruleng Local Municipality, Lowveld (Limpopo Province)…
– Derick du Toit & Charles Chikunda
Activity theory is not a specific theory of a particular domain, with specific techniques and procedures. It is a cross disciplinary approach offering conceptual tools and methodological principles which can be used to understand and support collective human activity and learning.
Guidelines for developing a charter to guide stakeholder involvement in water resource management processes. They will also help with establishing a forum with clear functions and a purpose.
SPLUMA is the new national legislation for all spatial planning in South Africa. The Act was enacted in 2013 and implemented nationally from July 2015. In its mandate to spatially transform the country, SPLUMA introduces a new, spatial planning system which places local municipality at the centre of spatial planning and decision making related to land use management.
Summary of natural resource management laws & policies relevant to the Olifants basin [South Africa & Mozambique] (2016)
This document provides summaries of 35 laws and policies ranging from international documents to non-binding instruments (such as the Millennium Development Goals) to charters and conventions of the African Union and SADC.
These guidelines help with enhancing the identification and control of alien and invasive species including the development of practical plans for monitoring, controlling and eradicating infested areas.
Integrating Biodiversity & Environmental Issues into Municipal Land-use Planning in the Olifants Catchment
All South African municipalities are required by law to develop both an Integrated Development Plan (IDP) and a Spatial Development Framework (SDF) (Municipal Systems Act 2000). AWARD has developed an assessment methodology which used 31 criteria, with sub-criteria, to assess the level of inclusion of biodiversity and environmental issues in these primary planning documents produced by municipalities (IDPs and SDFs). Municipalities in the catchment were allocated a score.
These guidelines outline a range of resources for AIS identification and Control available online. These resources include legislation overviews and guidelines, identification and information materials, knowledge-sharing platforms and training opportunities.
– William Mponwana and Derick du Toit
This fieldbook is made up of six modules. In each module there are a number of tasks that you have to complete. At the end of each module there is a task to complete on your own at home. At the beginning of each session you will be given an opportunity to give feedback on your homework task…
– Moletele Youth Programme
This field book is made up of six modules: In each module there are a number of tasks that you have to complete. At the end of each module there is a task for you to complete on your own at home. At the beginning of each session you will be given an opportunity to give feedback on your homework task…
About 42% of the land area in the Olifants River Catchment is endangered or vulnerable. The total population for the Olifants River Catchment is estimated to be about 4.2 million people, about 70% of whom live in rural areas. What happens upstream affects things downstream… this booklet explores how things are linked in the Olifants system…
An overview of the Olifants River Catchment for those who live here, encouraging the view of ‘Our Olifants’ rather than ‘The Olifants’. This booklet includes an outline of threats, critical areas for action and various AWARD initiatives, and encourages getting involved…
A Mapbook for the municipal area of Maruleng allowing for non-GIS users to interrogate the CBA Map categories and biodiversity features on a particular cadastral unit (property). Adjacent to each CBA Map /portion is the National South African vegetation map. The mapbook can be used by all sectors and professionals involved in land use planning and decision-making, including non-governmental organizations and the public…
A Mapbook for the municipal area of ba-Phalaborwa allowing for non-GIS users to interrogate the CBA Map categories and biodiversity features on a particular cadastral unit (property). Adjacent to each CBA Map portion is the National South African vegetation map. The mapbook can be used by all sectors and professionals involved in land use planning and decision-making, including non-governmental organizations and the public…
This handbook presents the map of Critical Biodiversity Areas and Ecological Support Areas developed for the Maruleng Municipality, as part of the Mopani District Bioregional Plan…
This handbook presents the map of Critical Biodiversity Areas and Ecological Support Areas developed for the ba-Phalaborwa Municipality, as part of the Mopani District Bioregional Plan…
Farmers’ stories of change are told as a way of sharing experiences about best climate-smart agroecological practices and to support cross-learning for resilience building and improved smallholder farmers’ self-organisation.
Sharing visits to farmers in four areas (Lepelle, Sedawa, Bochabelo, Willows) to track changes and challenges in the communities since the previous growing season. What practices are farmers experimenting with? What areas need improvement?
This booklet describes some climate-smart agricultural practices used by farmers in the lower Olifants River Catchment. It gives an indication of the uptake of new ideas and innovations in 2017-2018, as well as local good practices in climate-smart farming.
Co-Management: Reconciling, land restitution, biodiversity conservation & poverty alleviation in the Olifants catchment
– Karen Kotschy
How can South Africa reconcile the issue of land restitution with two of its other primary concerns, namely widespread poverty and biodiversity conservation? Community-centred conservation and co-management can offer clear benefits for sustainable development and resilience. This booklet describes various kinds of co-management agreements and the status of these in land claim areas in the Olifants catchment.
Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) operative in the Olifants Catchment collectively developed a vision and from this, a collection of Position Statements on matters that affect them and those they represent in January 2018.
This is AWARD’s first newsletter. As it is the first, it is a ‘bumper edition’ that gives an overview of programme highlights and outlines work in AWARD’s main activity areas. Future newsletters will highlight recent AWARD activities in short newsflashes…
Mangrove Restoration, Farmer Support, Biodiversity in Spatial Planning, Water Workshop at Southern Cross…
Olifants River level dropping, High Altitude Champs, Governance of LNR, Talking Climate Change, draft National CC Adaptation Strategy…
Innovative water disinfection, Molotele Youth Project, Biodiversity planning…
Mangroves in Mozambique, Farmers on climate-change, Climate change adaptation, expanded restoration partnership and more…
Ecological Restoration Conference; Going organic; Learning to co-manage; Beneficiation; Integrated strategic planning with KNP; and more…
Legalameetse Culture Festival, university students prepare for climate change… and so do farmers, a new CC resource…
AWARD Nov/Dec Newsflash: Annual report; Farewell to Reference Group; Co-management in Legalameetse; Blyde restoration & more…
PGS Hoedspruit launched, mangroves in Mozambique, ward councillors get it right, action from our sub-grant programme, the Olifants spikes & a farewell…
Busy month for Legalameetse Nature Reserve & the new landowners; Ecosystem goods & services of the Sand River catchment; Moletele Youth Project & more
A South Africa has placed the right to sufficient water as a Constitutional right in its Bill of Rights. But what does that mean? It places a legal obligation on the government to ensure that all people living in South Africa have the right to sufficient water. The Constitution does not say very much about the obligation, it leaves that to be defined and qualified in other legal instruments…
Crossroads: A game of decisions and consequences
A game of scenarios to develop decision-making skills… players need to make choices by considering social, environmental and economic consequences when making decisions about land use and natural resource use. The game frames decisions in a fun and participatory way, encouraging interaction and discussion. It is often in discussions that real learning takes place. Click to download each of the PDFs below: 1. Overview 2. Instructions 3. Cards
Presentations & Papers
An overview of the ‘Spiral Model’ which is a process design for social learning and transformation that has been successfully used in the RESILIM O programme.
This presentation provides an overview on how to develop guidelines for developing a charter for a Catchment Management Forum
Designing back from practice: Keeping the Olifants River and benefits flowing through systemic, collective action approaches during the worst drought on record
– Dr Sharon Pollard, Hugo Retief and Dr Eddie Riddel
This abstract describes the use of a systemic, collective approach to keeping the Olifants River flowing during the worst three-year drought on record. Without this, flows in the lower catchment would have failed impacting on livelihoods and ecosystems both locally and downstream into the iconic Kruger National Park and Mozambique.
A 6-minute video outlining the work of the Association for Water and Rural Development (AWARD) in the Olifants River Catchment, a ‘powerhouse’ catchment for South Africa, influenced by mining and farming and affecting local communities as well as the Kruger National Park. The video highlights the frequent ‘disconnect’ between cause and effect and shows how impacts are felt downstream. The importance of working together and collective action is stressed as “one person can’t do this alone”…
How can we monitor water quality and ensure compliance? A 6-minute video outlining the work of the Association for Water and Rural Development (AWARD) in terms of maintaining and improving water quality in the Olifants River Catchment. The video describes the various tools available for monitoring near-real-time compliance including probes, dashboards and an app for both testing and disseminating information.
How do we build resilience to climate change? A 5-minute video outlining the work of the Association for Water and Rural Development (AWARD) in terms of working with issues of climate change in the Olifants River Catchment. The video considers what changes in temperature and rainfall will mean for the area. Floods and droughts are likely to increase – how do we build the capacity of the catchment and its people for resilience to climate change?…
October to December 2018
This report covers the period October 2018 to December 2018, the final quarter of the 2018 calendar year and the first quarter of the USAID financial year. The Annual Report for the 2017/2018 financial year was submitted on 1st November. A major focus this quarter was a reflection on the past year and strategic planning for the year ahead, within project teams and also at the level of the whole program during…
January to March 2019
This report covers the period from January to March 2019. The close-out period begins on 1 April 2019. A couple of unexpected events tested the resilience of the team this quarter-firstly the injury of our Assistant Director Derick du Toit in a robbery, from which he has fortunately recovered. Secondly, a “ransomware” attack affected our financial software, resulting in much time spent recapturing financial information from paper records…
April to June 2019
This report covers the period from April to June 2019. With several projects completed and the rest nearing completion within the next six months, we have started to plan for program close-out. This has included a focus on finalising RESILIM-O communications products and planning for evaluative final reports for each project as well as a program-wide synthesis product. The focus of the May“RESILIM-O day” was on communications materials….
October to December 2019
This is the last quarterly report for the RESILIM-O program and it covers the period October to December 2019. This final period of activity and future planning before close-out was a busy one, as can be seen in this report.
Inaugural network workshop for the sustainability of water resources in the lower Olifants River
AWARD, together with other partners has been working with stakeholders to support the sustainable management and use of the Olifants River. The last few years of protracted drought have illustrated how vulnerable the lower Olifants River area is in terms of surface water availability. Indeed, the drought has highlighted the fact that in times of low flows and stress, the situation has become critical and…
– Dr Sharon Pollard, Hugo Retief and Dr Eddie Riddel
If an organisation decides to take up young people as interns, there is a need to plan and see mentoring holistically or as an activity system. This report shares recommendations for capacity development of both interns and mentors.
– Stephen Holness
This study examines the spatial patterns of poverty and local direct natural resource dependency for the South African portions of the Olifants Catchment. In addition, the study collates basic census data on demographic characteristics drawing primarily on an analysis of Census 2011 data to devise a vulnerability index that can be applied to the Olifants Catchment.
Climate change adaptation options, policies & projects: A review at global, national & the Olifants Catchment levels (2016)
– Taryn Kong, Ancois de Villiers, Kgomotso Thomas, Sharon Pollard, Coleen Vogel
This study provided a basis for understanding the international, national and provincial discourse and development on South Africa’s climate change adaptation. Additionally, the study revealed significant institutional barriers for implementing adaptation and opportunities for collaboration with other adaptation projects in the Olifants Catchment.
– South African Wildlife College
CBNRM is an approach that devolves authority from the state to rural communities and that promotes and empowers the local rural communities to own, manage and benefit from the sustainable use of the natural resources. This report gives an overview of CBNRM in Mozambique – the current status within the Olifants catchment including key practices, challenges and achievements.
– Lilian Goredema, Charles Chikunda & Thabang Mohale
The purpose of this brochure is to provide awareness on the importance of community participation, describe various forms of participation, explain how to increase community capacity to participate and how to engage with government agencies. It is a resource for communities that have claimed land in protected areas within South Africa, and are in the process of or have already negotiated partnerships with the government management agencies for the protected areas.
– Shonisani Netshishivhe & Jan Graf
The report profiles information on the main NRMPs operating within the Olifants catchment. As a case study, it is aimed at developing a systemic understanding through participative processes of natural resource management and its associated practices within the catchment, and how these practices can be supported and improved to contribute to the resilience of ecosystems and people in the catchment.
– Karen Kotschy
The Olifants River catchment contains many protected areas which are managed by a range of different bodies, including national, provincial and municipal departments or conservation agencies, private landowners, and local communities (through various co-management arrangements). The plethora of stakeholders makes it essential to have appropriate institutional arrangements and opportunities to share knowledge, collaborate and learn together.
Historical climate trends & projections for the Olifants River Catchment
– Taryn Kong & Sharon Pollard
Technical information on historical trends and future predictions for rainfall and temperature based on data analysis by the Climate System Analysis Group.
A short overview of some of the findings and recommendations on water consumption and management in Maruleng municipality.
This short report provides baseline information for Turkey village and describes farmers’ challenges, outcomes and potential adaptive measures.
AWARD identified Maruleng and Ba-Phalaborwa local municipalities for the implementation of capacity development for water demand and water conservation management. This report describes various initiatives used in these municipalities including Skills Gap Assessment, Training and Capacity Building; Knowledge, Attitude and Perception (KAP) Surveys; Schools Audit and Awareness Campaigns; Field Investigations; Pressure and Flow Logging; identification of Critical Risk Factors.
A biodiversity, natural resource management & ecosystem services literature review for the Olifants river catchment (2014)
– Alan Gardiner
This report covers the Mozambique portion of the Olifants catchment. It describes the state of the ecosystem services in Mozambique and human-induced drivers of change. In addition to a short literature review, it provides an extensive bibliography of relevant literature.
Literature review of climate resilience in the Mozambique portion of the Limpopo/Olifants river basin (2016)
– Verde Azul
This extensive report provides a literature review of climate resilience in the Mozambique portion of the Limpopo/Olifants river basin. It covers biophysical features, water resources, climate change and the risk of natural disasters, biological features, governance as well as socio-economic aspects of the Limpopo River Basin.
– Shonisani Netshishivhe & Jan Graf
A first progress report to inform and assist a recently started land restoration project (LUI project) in the Ga-Mametja area. The aim was to synthesise the available information on the use of land and natural resources in this area. The aim was also to derive a better understanding of how current land use and natural resource patterns may or may not contribute to land degradation, and the implications this might have for ecosystem restoration in degraded areas within Mametja.
2018/2019 Financial Year
This annual report covers the seventh year of the RESILIM-O Program from October 2018 to September 2019. It is also the last full year of project-based activities before the programme starts close-out between Oct 2019 and March 2020.
2017/2018 Financial Year
This annual report covers the sixth year of the RESILIM-O Programme from October 2017 to September 2018. This marks a period of significant progress in the implementation of some 25 projects related to water and natural resources management and climate change adaptation in the Olifants River Basin. It embraces a period of deepening work with and institutionalisation of our systemic, social learning…
2016/2017 Financial Year
This annual report, from October 2016 to September 2017, covers the fifth year of the RESILIM-O Programme. This marks a period of significant progress in the implementation of some twenty projects related to water and natural resources management and climate change adaptation in the Olifants River Basin. It embraces a period of deepening work with and institutionalisation of our systemic…
2015/2016 Financial Year
This annual report, from October 2015 to September 2016, marks the transition in our action-research to practice where, based on findings from Phase I, activities that focus on biodiversity and climate change adaptation in the Olifants Basin have started. Phase II is designed to take the outputs of Phase 1 into action through testing, reflexive learning and hence institutionalisation…
2014/2015 Financial Year
This Report covers RESILIM-O’s Implementation Period from October 1st2014 to September 30th2015. It has been written to fulfil the requirements of the Cooperative Agreement between AWARD and USAID Southern Africa. The report provides an overview of project activities undertaken, quantitative and qualitative results, a measure of impact using baseline data and…
2013/2014 Financial Year
This report has been structured for multiple readers and will evolve into an online publication. It includes activities from the last quarter (July to September 2014), in addition to a cumulative annual report from 2014.